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Eye Coordination

Category: Eye Physiology

Published: 2016-10-12

Eye coordination is the ability for both eyes to work together, forming a cohesive image that the brain can process. Each image is blended or “fused” together to form a complete 3D picture of what you see.

Problems arise when both eyes are not aligned properly. This can create difficulty with depth perception and seeing in three dimensions. This is known as poor eye coordination and can lead to a host of issues including:

  • Double vision
  • Headaches
  • Eye and body fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty reading and concentration

The American Optometric Association recommends annual eye exams, beginning as early as at 6 months, in order to detect and treat poor eye coordination.

What Causes Poor Eye Coorndination?

Eye coordination is a skill that is  developed with muscle memory. Improperly developed eye control can cause poor eye coordination. In some cases, an injury or disease can also result in poor eye coordination.

People with poor eye muscle control typically exert extra effort to maintain proper vision. In severe cases, the muscles can’t adjust the eyes at all, resulting in double vision.

Complications From Poor Eye Coordination

Poor eye coordination can lead to other visual impairments. Since the brain will respond to improperly aligned eyes by ignoring or attempting to correct for double vision, a lazy eye can develop. Amblyopia can impact the visual system if left untreated. Some damage is irreversible, even with the uses of glasses or contact lenses.

Children are especially susceptible to vision problems caused by poor eye coordination. This is because crucial brain development occurs from a very early age. If left untreated, significant vision damage can occur. Signs to look out for in child include:

  • Covering one eye
  • Skipping lines or losing their place while reading
  • Holding reading materially really close to their eyes
  • Poor sports performance
  • Tiring easily
  • Avoiding tasks that require close work

Treatment For Poor Eye Coordination

Poor eye coordination is often treated with vision therapy. Eyeglasses can also be used in conjunction with vision therapy, and are usually prescribe alongside other visual problems like nearsightedness or farsightedness. For more severe cases, surgery may be a viable option. The good news is that the success rate for correcting poor eye coordination is very high.