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How Multifocal Lenses Slow Down Myopia

Category: Eye Diseases & Conditions

Published: 2016-10-18

Does your child have trouble making out distant objects? Has his teacher noticed issues when he tries to read the dry erase board? If so, your child might suffer from nearsightedness, or myopia. As its common name indicates, individuals with nearsightedness can distinguish images close to the eye, but have issues making out objects and words from afar. Studies indicate, though, that multifocal lenses can decrease the progression of myopia in children.

What causes myopia?

Myopia develops when the eye exhibits unusual structural issues. In some children, the problem might arise if the cornea, which helps incoming light focus at a single point, is overly curved. Other children might have longer than average eyes. A naturally healthy eye assumes a nearly perfectly round shape, but a longer eye makes it more difficult for light to converge at the retina as needed for clear vision.

Why does myopia in children worsen with age?

Children with myopia tend to experience a progressive deterioration of their vision until adulthood. The growing process characteristic of childhood affects many bodily organs, including the eyes. As a result, the eyes may change, making myopia worse. Once the eyes stop their growth, which may not happen until early adulthood, the severity of a person’s myopia may begin to stabilize.

How can multifocal lenses address myopia?

Researchers are still learning about the positive effects of multifocal lenses on the eyes of children with myopia. However, current information indicates that when children wear multifocal lenses, which forces light to converge directly onto the retina, it can decrease the stimulus for eye growth. The absence of further growth can stop the progression of myopia and give affected children the chance to enjoy clear vision earlier in life.

Why is decreasing myopia so important?

At Schaeffer Eye Center, it is our job to take care of your eyes today and into the future. By decreasing the progression of growth in the eye, we can help reduce the risk for specific eye conditions such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, and retinal detachments. Populations with longer than average eyes or high degrees of nearsightedness have a statistically higher likelihood of developing these irreversible eye conditions.

Has your child already been diagnosed with myopia? Schaeffer Eye Center can help them see clearly more quickly and prevent long-term eye diseases with our multifocal contact lenses. To schedule an initial consultation with one of our eye care experts in Birmingham, call (877) 223-9776.