The condition known as fartsightenesdess, or hyperopia, occurs in approximately 10% of the U.S. population aged 40 and older. This means that around 14 million suffer from the condition countrywide. In the state of Alabama, prevalence mimics that of nationwide rates, with about 9.8% of the population experiencing some degree of farsightedness.
Those that suffer from hyperopia often have trouble seeing objects clearly that are closer to their eyes. Most times they will see blurry objects when holding something close in their hands or when reading a book. Conversely, they see perfectly fine when looking at further off objects and usually don’t need glasses when driving or performing other every day activities that don’t require intricate work.
Causes Of Farsightedness (Hyperopia)
Refractive errors are the main cause of most vision problems. This means that the shape of the eyeball is irregular and that there is a problem with how the eye focuses light against the retina, causing blurry vision. In the case of farsightedness, light rays enter the eye and are focused behind the retina due to the shape of the eye being physically shorter than a “normal” eye.
This differs from astigmatismand nearsightedness(myopia) where the shape of the eye is either irregular throughout the cornea or shaped longer, focusing light in front of the retina.
Diagnosing And Treating Farsightedness(Hyperopia)
Hyperopia, like other refractive vision problems, can be easily diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam. Our Optometrists can spot visual deficiencies and provide a prescription for you to correct your vision problems. If you experience these symptoms, book an appointment as soon as you can:
Difficulty focusing on objects that are closer to you
Headaches and eye strain often caused by squinting
Fatigued or burning eyes
Corrective Lenses (Glasses)
Hyperopia can be easily corrected with glasses or contact lenses. Depending on the prescription, some people opt to not wear their glasses for most activities, choosing to only wear them when reading or when performing close handed intricate work.
Contact lenses can be used to correct farsightedness as well. Some people may opt for contacts over glasses if they have active lifestyles.
Laser Eye Surgery
Surgery, such as LASIK, can be used to correct hyperopia by permanently changing the shape of the cornea. This is done to properly focus light onto the retina, regardless of the distance an object is from the eye.
If you feel like LASIK surgery may be a better option given your lifestyle or tolerance to glasses or contacts, please consult with your Schaeffer Eye Center optometrist about setting up an evaluation.