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Types and Symptoms of Cataracts

Category: Eye Diseases & Conditions

Published: 2016-10-18

Scheduling a regular comprehensive eye exam at Schaeffer Eye Center can help you avoid serious ocular issues like cataracts. Keep reading to learn more about the different types and symptoms of cataracts and what you can do to treat them:

Subcapsular Cataracts

This kind of cataract develops at the back of the lens. Diabetes and high doses of steroids increase a person’s risk for developing this kind of cataract. At the beginning, a subcapsular cataract might cause slight blurriness. As it gets worse, though, it will cloud the vision and make it difficult to focus on objects that are near and far away.

Nuclear Cataract

When someone has a nuclear cataracts, it develops in the middle of the lens. This type is usually the result of the natural aging process. Cataracts are extremely common in adults over 40 and are one of the leading causes of vision loss in this age group. Nuclear cataracts sometimes improve near vision when they first develop, but over time they will make it difficult to look at light from the sun or from a lamp. They can also make it difficult to drive at night.

Cortical Cataract

Cortical cataracts develop as white opacities that start on the outside of the lens and gradually work their way inside. Once it spreads out, it starts to look like the spoke of a wheel. Cortical cataracts develop in the lens cortex around the central nucleus. If you see any white areas in your lens, you should schedule an appointment with your eye doctor to see if you are developing cortical cataracts.

Whether you have cataracts or need a new prescription, the professionals at Schaeffer Eye Center are here to help you improve your vision. For more than 25 years, we have served as the leading eye center in Alabama. We offer our patients easy access to services and treatments needed for optimal ocular health. For more information, visit us online or call (877) 223-9776.